Study this example situation:
You are looking for Jack. Nobody knows for sure where he is, but
you get some suggestions:
He may be in his office. (= perhaps he is in his office)
He might be having lunch. (= perhaps he is having lunch)
Ask Ann.She might know.
We use may or might to say that something is possible. You can say:
He may be in his office. or He might be in his office.
The negative is may not and might not:
• Jack might not be in his office. (= perhaps he isn’t in his office)
• I’m not sure whether I can lend you any money. I may not have enough.
(= perhaps I don’t have enough)
To say what was possible in the past, we use may have (done) and might have (done):
A: I wonder why Ann didn’t answer the doorbell.
B: Well, I suppose she may have been asleep. (= perhaps she was asleep)
A: Why didn’t he say hello when he passed us on the street?
B: He might have been daydreaming. (= perhaps he was daydreaming)
A: I can’t find my hag anywhere.
B: You might have left it in the store. (= perhaps you left it)
A: I wonder why Jill didn’t come to the meeting.
B: She might not have known about it. (= perhaps she didn’t know)
You can use could instead of may or might. But with could the possibility is smaller:
• “Where’s Jack?” “I’m not sure. He could be in his office, I suppose, but he’s not usually there at this time.”