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آموزش زبان انگلیسی ,آموزش گرامر انگلیسی , مکالمه انگلیسی, اصطلاح , لغت , تست , سرگرمی , ضرب المثل, شعر , داستان , نکته ها ی مهم , و اخبار جالب..

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موضوع بندی
یکشنبه 15 شهریور‌ماه سال 1383
Reported speech (1)


Study this example situation:


You want to tell someone else what Tom said.


There are two ways of doing this:

You can repeat Tom’s words (direct speech)

Tom said, “I’m feeling sick.”


Or you can use reported speech:

Tom said (that) he was feeling sick.


Compare the two sentences:

Direct  Tom said, “I am feeling sick.”

Reported         Tom said (that) he was feeling sick.


When we use reported speech, we are usually talking about the past. So verbs usually change to the past in reported speech. For example:


Am/is —* was                   have/has —* had                           can —* could

Are — were                    will —+ would          do/want/know —* did/wanted/knew, etc.



Study these examples you met Tom Here are some things he said to you:

My parents are very well.

I am going to quite my job.

Ann has bought a new car.

I can’t come to the party on Friday.

I want to go on vacation but I don’t know where to go.

I’m going away for a few days. I’ll call you when I get back.


Now you tell someone else what Tom said (in reported speech):


• Tom said (that) his parents were very well.

• Tom said (that) he was going to quit his job.

• Tom said (that) Ann had bought a new car.

• Tom said (that) he couldn’t come to the party on Friday.

• Tom said (that) he wanted to go on vacation, but he didn’t know where to go.

• Tom said (that) he was going, away for a few days and would call me when got back.


The simple past (I did) can usually stay the same in reported speech, or you can change it to the past perfect (I had done): did — did or had done


Direct     Tom said “I woke up feeling sick and so I stayed in bed.”

Reported     Tom said (that) he woke (or had woken) up feeling sick and so he stayed ( in bed.



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