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سه‌شنبه 25 بهمن‌ماه سال 1384
Happy Valentine's Day

Happy Valentine's Day

Your Name

I wrote your name in the sky,
but the wind blew it away.
I wrote your name in the sand,
but the waves washed it away.
I wrote your name in my heart,
and forever it will stay.

- Jessica Blade -


I Asked God

I asked God for a flower, he gave me a bouquet
I asked God for a minute, he gave me a day
I asked God for true love, he gave me that too
I asked for an angel and he gave me you.

- John Raine -


if I’d wish to be anything

If I could wish to be anything
I’d wish to be your tear
to be conceived by your heart,
born in your eye
live on your cheek
and die on your lips

- stephanie mcfarlane-

 


سه‌شنبه 25 بهمن‌ماه سال 1384
واقعا متاسفم برای این شخص

سلام به خوانندگان عزیز این وبلاگ

به تازگی متوجه شدم شخصی پیدا شده که با  اسم این وبلاگ در وبلاگهای دیگه نظر میگذاره و توهین میکنه. من دقیقا میدونم اون شخص بی ادب کیه.متاسفانه به جای اینکه سعی کنه خوب و صحیح به کار وبلاگ نویسی آموزشی بپردازه و با همکاران وبلاگنویسش در ارتباط باشه . وقتی میبینه همکارش در سطح بالاتری از خودشه , بازدید کننده ی زیادی داره به جای یک همکاری و رقابت سالم با اسم اون وبلاگ موفق در وبلاگهای دیگه توهین میکنه, نظرات بدی رو میگذاره اونم به اسم این وبلاگ-واقعا متاسفم برای این شخص

 


یکشنبه 23 بهمن‌ماه سال 1384
The History of Saint Valentine's Day

The History of Saint Valentine's Day

Valentine's Day started in the time of the Roman Empire.  In ancient Rome, February 14th was a holiday to honour Juno.  Juno was the Queen of the Roman Gods and Goddesses.  The Romans also knew her as the Goddess of women and marriage.  The following day, February 15th, began the Feast of Lupercalia.

The lives of young boys and girls were strictly separate.  However, one of the customs of the young people was name drawing.  On the eve of the festival of Lupercalia the names of Roman girls were written on slips of paper and placed into jars.  Each young man would draw a girl's name from the jar and would then be partners for the duration of the festival with the girl whom he chose.  Sometimes the pairing of the children lasted an entire year, and often, they would fall in love and would later marry.

Under the rule of Emperor Claudius II Rome was involved in many bloody and unpopular campaigns.  Claudius the Cruel was having a difficult time getting soldiers to join his military leagues.  He believed that the reason was that roman men did not want to leave their loves or families.  As a result, Claudius cancelled all marriages and engagements in Rome.  The good Saint Valentine was a priest at Rome in the days of Claudius II.  He and Saint Marius aided the Christian martyrs and secretly married couples, and for this kind deed Saint Valentine was apprehended and dragged before the Prefect of Rome, who condemned him to be beaten to death with clubs and to have his head cut off.  He suffered martyrdom on the 14th day of February, about the year 270.  At that time it was the custom in Rome, a very ancient custom, indeed, to celebrate in the month of February the Lupercalia, feasts in honour of a heathen god.  On these occasions, amidst a variety of pagan ceremonies, the names of young women were placed in a box, from which they were drawn by the men as chance directed.

The pastors of the early Christian Church in Rome endeavoured to do away with the pagan element in these feasts by substituting the names of saints for those of maidens.  And as the Lupercalia began about the middle of February, the pastors appear to have chosen Saint Valentine's Day for the celebration of this new feaSt. So it seems that the custom of young men choosing maidens for valentines, or saints as patrons for the coming year, arose in this way.
 
 


St. Valentine's Story

Let me introduce myself.  My name is Valentine.  I lived in Rome during the third century.  That was long, long ago! At that time, Rome was ruled by an emperor named Claudius.  I didn't like Emperor Claudius, and I wasn't the only one! A lot of people shared my feelings.

Claudius wanted to have a big army.  He expected men to volunteer to join.  Many men just did not want to fight in wars.  They did not want to leave their wives and families.  As you might have guessed, not many men signed up.  This made Claudius furious.  So what happened? He had a crazy idea.  He thought that if men were not married, they would not mind joining the army.  So Claudius decided not to allow any more marriages.  Young people thought his new law was cruel.  I thought it was preposterous! I certainly wasn't going to support that law!

Did I mention that I was a priest? One of my favourite activities was to marry couples.  Even after Emperor Claudius passed his law, I kept on performing marriage ceremonies -- secretly, of course.  It was really quite exciting.  Imagine a small candlelit room with only the bride and groom and myself.  We would whisper the words of the ceremony, listening all the while for the steps of soldiers.

One night, we did hear footsteps.  It was scary! Thank goodness the couple I was marrying escaped in time.  I was caught.  (Not quite as light on my feet as I used to be, I guess.) I was thrown in jail and told that my punishment was death.

I tried to stay cheerful.  And do you know what? Wonderful things happened.  Many young people came to the jail to visit me.  They threw flowers and notes up to my window.  They wanted me to know that they, too, believed in love.

One of these young people was the daughter of the prison guard.  Her father allowed her to visit me in the cell.  Sometimes we would sit and talk for hours.  She helped me to keep my spirits up.  She agreed that I did the right thing by ignoring the Emperor and going ahead with the secret marriages.  On the day I was to die, I left my friend a little note thanking her for her friendship and loyalty.  I signed it, "Love from your Valentine."

I believe that note started the custom of exchanging love messages on Valentine's Day.  It was written on the day I died, February 14, 269 A.D.  Now, every year on this day, people remember.  But most importantly, they think about love and friendship.  And when they think of Emperor Claudius, they remember how he tried to stand in the way of love, and they laugh -- because they know that love can't be beaten!


Valentine Traditions

Hundreds of years ago in England, many children dressed up as adults on Valentine's Day.  They went singing from home to home.  One verse they sang was:

Good morning to you, valentine;
Curl your locks as I do mine---
Two before and three behind.
Good morning to you, valentine. 
 
 
 
 In Wales wooden love spoons were carved and given as gifts on February 14th.  Hearts, keys and keyholes were favourite decorations on the spoons.  The decoration meant, "You unlock my heart!"
 
In the Middle Ages, young men and women drew names from a bowl to see who their valentines would be.  They would wear these names on their sleeves for one week.  To wear your heart on your sleeve now means that it is easy for other people to know how you are feeling.
 
 
 
 In some countries, a young woman may receive a gift of clothing from a young man.  If she keeps the gift, it means she will marry him.
 
Some people used to believe that if a woman saw a robin flying overhead on Valentine's Day, it meant she would marry a sailor.  If she saw a sparrow, she would marry a poor man and be very happy.  If she saw a goldfinch, she would marry a millionaire.
 
 
 
 A love seat is a wide chair.  It was first made to seat one woman and her wide dress.  Later, the love seat or courting seat had two sections, often in an S-shape.  In this way, a couple could sit together -- but not too closely!
 
Think of five or six names of boys or girls you might marry, As you twist the stem of an apple, recite the names until the stem comes off.  You will marry the person whose name you were saying when the stem fell off.
 
 
 
 Pick a dandelion that has gone to seed.  Take a deep breath and blow the seeds into the wind.  Count the seeds that remain on the stem.  That is the number of children you will have.
 
If you cut an apple in half and count how many seeds are inside, you will also know how many children you will have


Roman Empire:  noun the empire under Roman rule established in 27 BC and divided in AD 395 into the Western or Latin and Eastern or Greek Empire.
امپراطورى رم


Juno: n. goddess of marriage and wife of the god Jupiter (Roman Mythology); one of the 4 largest and brightest asteroids (Astronomy); regal and beautiful woman; female first name -نام زن ژوپیتر

Feast: n. banquet, huge meal, exceptionally delicious meal; something unusually pleasurable; holiday, religious festival -مهمانى ،سور،ضیافت ،عید،خوشگذرانى کردن ،جشن 

Lupercalia:
Lupercalia: also Lupercal 'lu:pəkal)
■  noun [usu. treated as sing.] an ancient Roman festival of purification and fertility, held annually on 15 February. روز 15 فوریه

Origin
L., neut. plural of lupercalis 'relating to Lupercus', Roman equivalent of the Greek god Pan.

 

strictly: adv. severely, harshly; literally; explicitly, exactly; absolutely, completely -اکیدا"،سخت ،دقیقا"


eve: n. day or evening before a holiday or other event; period of time before an important event -شب عید،شب ،شامگاه ،در شرف ،(باحرف بزرگ )حوا،جنس زن


Emperor: n. ruler, sovereign, monarch

-شاهنشاه ،امپراطور،امپراتور،فرمانفرما

Claudius: n. Claudius I (10 BC-AD 54), Roman emperor; Claudius II (AD 214-270), Roman emperor


priest: n. clergyman, minister; one who performs religious rites

 -کشیش ،مجتهد،روحانى


martyr: n. one who chooses to die or be put to death rather than renounce his faith; one who suffers greatly -
فدایى ،شهید


amidst: prep. in the middle of; surrounded by

درمیان ،وسط


 


چهارشنبه 19 بهمن‌ماه سال 1384
پاسخ به سوالات

مریم: در ان مورد مطالعه کنید و با لغات و جملات خودتان بنوسید.مطمئن باشید میتوانید.

سپیده: پیدا نکردم.

 

از بقیه دوستان به خاطر لطفشان تشکر میکنم.


چهارشنبه 19 بهمن‌ماه سال 1384
پاسخ به سوالات

مریم: در ان مورد مطالعه کنید و با لغات و جملات خودتان بنوسید.مطمئن باشید میتوانید.

سپیده: پیدا نکردم.

 

از بقیه دوستان به خاطر لطفشان تشکر میکنم.


پنج‌شنبه 13 بهمن‌ماه سال 1384
Valentines Day History

Valentines Day History


There are varying opinions as to the origin of Valentine's Day.  Some experts state that it originated from St. Valentine, a Roman who was martyred for refusing to give up Christianity.  He died on February 14, 269 A.D., the same day that had been devoted to love lotteries.  Legend also says that St. Valentine left a farewell note for the jailer's daughter, who had become his friend, and signed it "From Your Valentine".  Other aspects of the story say that Saint Valentine served as a priest at the temple during the reign of Emperor Claudius.  Claudius then had Valentine jailed for defying him.  In 496 A.D.  Pope Gelasius set aside February 14 to honour St. Valentine.
Gradually, February 14 became the date for exchanging love messages and St. Valentine became the patron saint of lovers.  The date was marked by sending poems and simple gifts such as flowers.  There was often a social gathering or a ball.
In the United States, Miss Esther Howland is given credit for sending the first valentine cards.  Commercial valentines were introduced in the 1800's and now the date is very commercialised.  The town of Loveland, Colorado, does a large post office business around February 14.  The spirit of good continues as valentines are sent out with sentimental verses and children exchange valentine cards at school.

Varying: adjective giving variety to

Expert: noun skilled, knowledgeable

Give up: abandon

Martyred: verb make into a martyr; execute on religious grounds; torture; persecute
Devoted to: loving towards, loyal to, faithful to; dedicated to
Legend: n. story that has been handed down over generations and cannot be proved to be true or fictitious, tale, myth, fable; collection of myths or fables; explanatory table for a map (or chart, etc.); inscription (on a coin, monument, etc.)

Farewell: ■ exclamation chiefly literary goodbye.
Noun an act of parting or of marking someone's departure.

Jailer:  noun PRISON OFFICER, jail keeper, one who is in charge of a jail or a section of a jail; one who imprisons another (also jailor), warder, wardress, warden, guard, captor; informal screw; archaic turnkey.

Priest:noun
     an ordained minister of the Catholic, Orthodox, or Anglican Church, authorized to perform certain rites and administer certain sacraments. ▶a person who performs ceremonies in a non-Christian religion.
     a mallet used to kill fish caught when angling.
■ Verb formal ordain to the priesthood.


The temple:
the Temple
Large Jewish building for the worship of God

 temple
Noun HOUSE OF GOD, shrine, sanctuary; church, cathedral, mosque, synagogue, shul; archaic fane.


Claudius: n. Claudius I (10 BC-AD 54), Roman emperor; Claudius II (AD 214-270), Roman emperor

Defying him: disobeyed him, openly challenged him
defy
Verb (defies, defying, defied)
     openly resist or refuse to obey.
     Challenge to do or prove something: he glowered at her, defying her to mock him. ▶be of such a kind or nature that (a specified action or attitude) is almost impossible: the effrontery of the man defied belief. ▶archaic challenge to combat.
 
Set aside:noun
     the policy of taking land out of production to reduce crop surpluses. ▶land taken out of production in this way.
     US a government contract awarded without competition to a minority-owned business.
     US a portion of funds reserved for a purpose.

Honour: (US honor) noun (British) respect, dignity
Noun
     great respect or esteem. ▶a feeling of pride and pleasure from being shown respect. ▶a source of esteem.
     a clear sense of what is morally right.
     a thing conferred as a distinction. ▶ (honours) a special distinction for proficiency in an examination. ▶ (honours) a course of degree studies more specialized than for an ordinary pass.
     (His, Your, etc. Honour) a title of respect for a circuit judge, a US mayor, and (in Irish or rustic speech) any person of rank.
     Golf the right of driving off first, having won the previous hole.
     Dated a woman's chastity.
     Bridge an ace, king, queen, jack, or ten. ▶ (honours) possession of at least four of these cards in the trump suit, or of all four aces in no trumps, for which a bonus is scored.
Verb
     regard with great respect. ▶pay public respect to.
     Bring esteem to (a place or event) with one's presence.
     fulfil (an obligation) or keep (an agreement). ▶accept (a bill) or pay (a cheque) when due.

phrase 
 
Do the honours informal perform a social duty for others, especially serve food or drink.
Honour bright Brit. dated on my honour.
honours are even Brit. there is equality in the contest.
In honour of as an expression of respect for.
On one's honour under a moral obligation.
On (or upon) my honour used to express sincerity.

gradually :
▶  adverb SLOWLY, slowly but surely, cautiously, gently, gingerly; piecemeal, little by little, bit by bit, inch by inch, by degrees; progressively, systematically; regularly, steadily.

Patron saint: noun
     a patron of the arts: SPONSOR, backer, financier, benefactor, benefactress, contributor, subscriber, donor; philanthropist, promoter, friend, supporter; informal angel.
     Club patrons: CUSTOMER, client, frequenter, consumer, user, visitor, guest; informal regular

:social gathering
Get-together, social event

commercialize :
Or commercialise

verb manage or exploit in a way designed to make a profit.

sentimental :
adj. appealing to the emotions; nostalgic, tender, romantic; overly emotional, corny

ادامه دارد...


شنبه 8 بهمن‌ماه سال 1384
joke

McDonald, who was very sad,met his friend Sandy in the street.He said to his friend,"I cannot make up my mind whether to marry a wealthy widow whom i don't love or a poor girl whom i love very much.
Sandy said,"My dear friend, I advise you to listen to your heart and marry the poor girl that you love."
"You are right. I will marry the poor girl."
"In that case,can you give me the widow's address
?

 sad   غمگین
I cannot make up my mind   نمیتونم تصمیم بگیرم
  widow   بیوه
to meet(met,met)   ملاقات کردن
whom   که
to advise   نصیحت کردن
heart   قلب
in that case   در اینصورت
 whether  آیا
 to listen   گوش دادن
you are right   تو راست می گویی


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