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آموزش زبان انگلیسی
آموزش زبان انگلیسی ,آموزش گرامر انگلیسی , مکالمه انگلیسی, اصطلاح , لغت , تست , سرگرمی , ضرب المثل, شعر , داستان , نکته ها ی مهم , و اخبار جالب..

"آموزش رایگان حق شما است"

موضوع بندی
یکشنبه 10 فروردین‌ماه سال 1393


سلام دوستان

مدت هاست وب به روز نمیشه ... امیدوارم پروین جان هم هر جا هست خوب باشه و موفق...

با اجازش می خوام مثل سابق اینجا رو به روز کنم...

سال نو رو هم به تمام دوستان عزیز این وب تبریک می گم...

Let's Learn English

یکشنبه 10 فروردین‌ماه سال 1393
some sentences about life
1) Your enemies could be anyone. Mostly those that are close to you hurt you most.


2) In short, life is what we choose to make it.

3) We have to fight our way to success. It is an uphill battle. We have to resist becoming discouraged.

4) As difficult as it is, we can still make it. The answer to being a winner is in having the right outlook. If you see yourself as a victim and cringe at every difficulty, you will be miserable and have little success. If you see yourself as a victor, and enjoy matching wits with your obstacles, you will succeed. Life becomes what our dominating thoughts make it.

5) We must direct them in the right direction.

6) A recent study found that optimists outperform pessimists ten to one. Attitude is everything.

7) Negative thoughts drain your energy and positive attitudes bring passion and optimism.

8) His father was a pessimist and barely scraped out a living. He forced himself to think positively and be optimistic, because he did not want the failures his dad experienced.

9) Since life is not on easy street, but difficult avenue, and we are always struggling our way uphill, we cannot afford to dwell on doubts and fears.

10) Those who are relentless in their pursuit, and take advantage of compound interest in their investments can fulfill their dream to be financially independent.

11) There is a mixture of good and bad thoughts in everybody's mind. But you can change the track of your thoughts. You can change the bad and negative into the good and positive.

12) Reading is a rewarding habit. And if you read motivational books then it's even better. Motivational and inspirational books are packed with positive energies.

13) If you mess up just start over.

14) Stop taking today for granted. A great today will give you an outstanding tomorrow.

15) Put in enough effort and follow that up with action success will come.

16) There's so much to do, so little time. I don't have enough hands, or I need to be able to clone myself to get it all done.

17) But even the perception of those people living in a dangerous situation can take a positive spin.

18) With a clear mind, you can think much better and make wise decisions more.

19) Telling someone about your problem is a form of releasing bad energy from your body.

20) Remembering good and happy memories will get your mind off the problem and will also let yourself to be the normal you.

دوشنبه 24 تیر‌ماه سال 1392
آموزش تمام زمان های زبان انگلیسی به زبان ساده
tense Affirmative/Negative/Question Use Signal Words
Simple Present A: He speaks.
N: He does not speak.
Q: Does he speak?
  • action in the present taking place once, never or several times
  • facts
  • actions taking place one after another
  • action set by a timetable or schedule
always, every …, never, normally, often, seldom, sometimes, usually
if sentences type I (If I talk, …)
Present Progressive A: He is speaking.
N: He is not speaking.
Q: Is he speaking?
  • action taking place in the moment of speaking
  • action taking place only for a limited period of time
  • action arranged for the future
at the moment, just, just now, Listen!, Look!, now, right now
Simple Past A: He spoke.
N: He did not speak.
Q: Did he speak?
  • action in the past taking place once, never or several times
  • actions taking place one after another
  • action taking place in the middle of another action
yesterday, 2 minutes ago, in 1990, the other day, last Friday
if sentence type II (If I talked, …)
Past Progressive A: He was speaking.
N: He was not speaking.
Q: Was he speaking?
  • action going on at a certain time in the past
  • actions taking place at the same time
  • action in the past that is interrupted by another action
when, while, as long as
Present Perfect Simple A: He has spoken.
N: He has not spoken.
Q: Has he spoken?
  • putting emphasis on the result
  • action that is still going on
  • action that stopped recently
  • finished action that has an influence on the present
  • action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking
already, ever, just, never, not yet, so far, till now, up to now
Present Perfect Progressive A: He has been speaking.
N: He has not been speaking.
Q: Has he been speaking?
  • putting emphasis on the course or duration (not the result)
  • action that recently stopped or is still going on
  • finished action that influenced the present
all day, for 4 years, since 1993, how long?, the whole week
Past Perfect Simple A: He had spoken.
N: He had not spoken.
Q: Had he spoken?
  • action taking place before a certain time in the past
  • sometimes interchangeable with past perfect progressive
  • putting emphasis only on the fact (not the duration)
already, just, never, not yet, once, until that day
if sentence type III (If I had talked, …)
Past Perfect Progressive A: He had been speaking.
N: He had not been speaking.
Q: Had he been speaking?
  • action taking place before a certain time in the past
  • sometimes interchangeable with past perfect simple
  • putting emphasis on the duration or course of an action
for, since, the whole day, all day
Future I Simple A: He will speak.
N: He will not speak.
Q: Will he speak?
  • action in the future that cannot be influenced
  • spontaneous decision
  • assumption with regard to the future
in a year, next …, tomorrow
If-Satz Typ I (If you ask her, she will help you.)
assumption: I think, probably, perhaps
Future I Simple

(going to)

A: He is going to speak.
N: He is not going to speak.
Q: Is he going to speak?
  • decision made for the future
  • conclusion with regard to the future
in one year, next week, tomorrow
Future I Progressive A: He will be speaking.
N: He will not be speaking.
Q: Will he be speaking?
  • action that is going on at a certain time in the future
  • action that is sure to happen in the near future
in one year, next week, tomorrow
Future II Simple A: He will have spoken.
N: He will not have spoken.
Q: Will he have spoken?
  • action that will be finished at a certain time in the future
by Monday, in a week
Future II Progressive A: He will have been speaking.
N: He will not have been speaking.
Q: Will he have been speaking?
  • action taking place before a certain time in the future
  • putting emphasis on the course of an action
for …, the last couple of hours, all day long
Conditional I Simple A: He would speak.
N: He would not speak.
Q: Would he speak?
  • action that might take place
if sentences type II
(If I were you, I would go home.)
Conditional I Progressive A: He would be speaking.
N: He would not be speaking.
Q: Would he be speaking?
  • action that might take place
  • putting emphasis on the course / duration of the action
Conditional II Simple A: He would have spoken.
N: He would not have spoken.
Q: Would he have spoken?
  • action that might have taken place in the past
if sentences type III
(If I had seen that, I would have helped.)
Conditional II Progressive A: He would have been speaking.
N: He would not have been speaking.
Q: Would he have been speaking?
  • action that might have taken place in the past
  • puts emphasis on the course / duration of the action

یکشنبه 16 تیر‌ماه سال 1392
آموزش اصطلاحات زبان انگلیسی Learn Useful Expressions in English


Everybody makes mistakes sometimes. When it happens we need a phrase to tell the other person how really sorry we are and stop them getting really angry. Here are ten phrases.

Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing

Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing

  1. Sorry.
  2. I'm (so / very / terribly) sorry.
  3. Ever so sorry.
  4. How stupid / careless / thoughtless of me.
  5. Pardon (me)
  6. That's my fault.
  7. Sorry. It was all my fault.
  8. Please excuse my (ignorance)
  9. Please don't be mad at me.
  10. Please accept our (sincerest) apologies.

How To Use These Phrases In Your English

  1. Phrase 1 is a general short apology. We use this when we bump into people on the street. At other times, it sounds too weak.
  2. In phrase 2, we use 'so', 'very' and 'terribly' to make the meaning stronger. 'Terribly' is the strongest. If we use one of the words in brackets, it is stressed.
  3. Phrase 3 is quite formal but it's a stronger apology than just 'sorry'.
  4. We use phrase 4 to criticise ourselves and the mistake that we have just made.
  5. We use phrases 6 and 7 to take all the responsibility for what happened. Phrase 7 is a little stronger.
  6. We use phrase 8 to apologise for our lack of knowledge or ability. We can replace the word in brackets with other nouns, e.g. carelessness, forgetfulness.
  7. Phrase 9 is asking the other person not to get angry. The tone is quite informal.
  8. Phrase 10 is often used in formal letters. The word 'sincerest' makes the apology very strong and very formal.

شنبه 28 اردیبهشت‌ماه سال 1392
یه پست خودمونی


سلام به شماهایی که تا حالا ندیدمتون

کاش میشد همه ی خوانندگان این وبلاگ رو یه جا جمع کرد و با همدیگه از نزدیک آشنا بشیم...

کلاس زبان فرانسه هم بالاخره تموم شد...مهر 88 شروع کردم و تابستان 91 تموم شد

ظاهرا تو یادگیری زبان های خارجی  استعداد دارم ...

برا تابستون هم آلمانی ثبت نام کردم...اسپانیایی هم دوست دارم اما دیدم مدرس زبان آلمانی native هست گفتم اول برم کلاس آلمانی

سوالای زیادی پرسیده بودین ...

ساکن تبریز هستم پس کلاس خصوصی ، کنکورفقط برا تبریزی ها امکان پذیره

راستی بازم میگم هرکی دوست داره اعلام آمادگی کنه دعوتنامه بفرستم عضو وبلاگ میشه و میتونه اینجا بنویسه ...

این وبلاگ متعلق به همه شماست.

لحظه هاتون به شیرینیه عسل.


چهارشنبه 21 فروردین‌ماه سال 1392
تعداد لغات در زبان انگلیسی Total Number of English Words

Total Number of English WordsSource: Global Language Monitor, Google Corpus

Research Date: 9.24.2012
The English language continues to grow each year and has almost double in the past 50 years. According to the Global Language monitor “Web 2.0″ was the one millionth word added to the English Language..

Total number of English words (2012) 1,013,913Number of words created each day on average 14.7
1980 900,000
1950 600,000
1900 525,000

جمعه 2 فروردین‌ماه سال 1392
اولین پست سال جدید 92
اولین  پست سال جدید

برای همتون سالی پر از شادی و سلامتی رو آرزومندم.

چهارشنبه 11 بهمن‌ماه سال 1391


Tell me who you go with and I'll tell you who you are.

What is a collocation?

A collocation is two or more words that often go together. These combinations just sound "right" to native English speakers, who use them all the time. On the other hand, other combinations may be unnatural and just sound "wrong". Look at these examples:

Natural English... Unnatural English...
the fast train
fast food
the quick train
quick food
a quick shower
a quick meal
a fast shower
a fast meal

Why learn collocations?

  • Your language will be more natural and more easily understood.
  • You will have alternative and richer ways of expressing yourself.
  • It is easier for our brains to remember and use language in chunks or blocks rather than as single words.

How to learn collocations

  • Be aware of collocations, and try to recognize them when you see or hear them.
  • Treat collocations as single blocks of language. Think of them as individual blocks or chunks, and learn strongly support, not strongly + support.
  • When you learn a new word, write down other words that collocate with it (remember rightly, remember distinctly, remember vaguely, remember vividly).
  • Read as much as possible. Reading is an excellent way to learn vocabulary and collocations in context and naturally.
  • Revise what you learn regularly. Practise using new collocations in context as soon as possible after learning them.
  • Learn collocations in groups that work for you. You could learn them by topic (time, number, weather, money, family) or by a particular word (take action, take a chance, take an exam).
  • You can find information on collocations in any good learner's dictionary. And you can also find specialized dictionaries of collocations.

Types of Collocation

There are several different types of collocation made from combinations of verb, noun, adjective etc. Some of the most common types are:

  • Adverb + Adjective: completely satisfied (NOT downright satisfied)
  • Adjective + Noun: excruciating pain (NOT excruciating joy)
  • Noun + Noun: a surge of anger (NOT a rush of anger)
  • Noun + Verb: lions roar (NOT lions shout)
  • Verb + Noun: commit suicide (NOT undertake suicide)
  • Verb + Expression With Preposition: burst into tears (NOT blow up in tears)
  • Verb + Adverb: wave frantically (NOT wave feverishly

جمعه 8 دی‌ماه سال 1391
آموزش لغات زبان انگلیسی

What's the weather like today?
What will the weather be like tomorrow?
Nice day today, isn't it?
What awful weather!
What a lovely day!
It's raining.
It's snowing.
It's …
Tomorrow it will be …
Yesterday it was …

چهارشنبه 22 آذر‌ماه سال 1391
تولدت مبارک

وبلاگ 10 ساله شد

 باورم نمیشه   10 سال پیش وقتی 15 ساله بودم اینجا شروع به کار کردم. 10 سال ...مدت کمی نیس....

وقتی بچه بودم هر وقت ازم می پرسیدن میخوای وقتی بزرگ شدی چیکاره بشی هیچوقت اون زمان دلم نمیخواست معلم بشم...همیشه میگفتم میخوام خلبان بشم...الانم دوست دارم خلبان بشم...اما ...

میخوام خلبان بشم...مهندس کامپیوتر....باستان شناس....موسیقیدان...

ولی خب هیچکدوم از اینا نشد...

بعضی وقتا برا رسیدن به آرزوها فقط تلاش و پشتکار لازم نیس...

عنصر سومی به نام پول هم هست...

و الان من:


لیسانس مترجمی

آموزشگاه زبان فرانسه هم خوندم

انگلیسی تدریس میکنم

حقوقم خیلی کمی... اما از تدریس واقعا خوشم میاد...

و آرزو بر جوانان عیب نیس...

آرزوم اینه برم استرالیا ...

ادامه تحصیل...

و دوست دارم موسیقی و ادبیات هم بخونم...


خدا به بعضی ها اونقدر پول داده که نمیدونن چطور خرجش کنن..

بعضی ها هم تا آخر ماه هر روز حساب کتاب میکنن که کم نیارن...


I'm Glad I'm Me
No one looks
The way I do.
No one walks the way I walk.
No one talks the way I talk.
No one plays the way I play.
No one says the things I say.
I am special.
I am me.

جمعه 26 آبان‌ماه سال 1391
آموزش اصطلاحات زبان انگلیسی People; Slang


ادامه مطلب ...

یکشنبه 14 آبان‌ماه سال 1391
شعر انگلیسی She Walks In Beauty

She Walks In BeautyShe walks in beauty, like the night
Of cloudless climes and starry skies;
And all that's best of dark and bright
Meet in her aspect and her eyes:
Thus mellow'd to that tender light
Which heaven to gaudy day denies.

One shade more, one ray less,
Had half impair'd the nameless grace
Which waves in every raven tress,
Or softly lightens o'er her face;
Where thoughts serenely sweet express
How pure, how dear their dwelling place.

And on that cheek, and o'er that brow
So soft, so calm, yet eloquent,
The smiles that win, the tints that glow,
But tell of days in goodness spent,
A mind at peace with all below,
A heart whose love is innocent!

Lord Byron  1788-1824

این شعر رو ترجمه کنید.بهترین ترجمه به نام خود مترجم در وبلاگ منتشر خواهد شد.

دوشنبه 29 خرداد‌ماه سال 1391
British Slang


ادامه مطلب ...

شنبه 30 اردیبهشت‌ماه سال 1391
Wisdom Quotes

Wisdom Quotes

1. You can do anything, but not everything.
—David Allen

2. Perfection is achieved, not when there is nothing more to add, but when there is nothing left to take away.
—Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

3. The richest man is not he who has the most, but he who needs the least.
—Unknown Author

4. You miss 100 percent of the shots you never take.
—Wayne Gretzky

5. Courage is not the absence of fear, but rather the judgement that something else is more important than fear.
—Ambrose Redmoon

6. You must be the change you wish to see in the world.

7. When hungry, eat your rice; when tired, close your eyes. Fools may laugh at me, but wise men will know what I mean.

8. The third-rate mind is only happy when it is thinking with the majority. The second-rate mind is only happy when it is thinking with the minority. The first-rate mind is only happy when it is thinking.
—A. A. Milne

9. To the man who only has a hammer, everything he encounters begins to look like a nail.
—Abraham Maslow

10. We are what we repeatedly do; excellence, then, is not an act but a habit.

11. A wise man gets more use from his enemies than a fool from his friends.
—Baltasar Gracian

12. Do not seek to follow in the footsteps of the men of old; seek what they sought.

13. Watch your thoughts; they become words.
Watch your words; they become actions.
Watch your actions; they become habits.
Watch your habits; they become character.
Watch your character; it becomes your destiny.

14. Everyone is a genius at least once a year. The real geniuses simply have their bright ideas closer together.
—Georg Christoph Lichtenberg

15. What we think, or what we know, or what we believe is, in the end, of little consequence. The only consequence is what we do.
—John Ruskin

16. The real voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new lands but seeing with new eyes.
—Marcel Proust

17. Work like you don’t need money, love like you’ve never been hurt, and dance like no one’s watching
—Unknown Author

18. Try a thing you haven’t done three times. Once, to get over the fear of doing it. Twice, to learn how to do it. And a third time, to figure out whether you like it or not.
—Virgil Garnett Thomson

19. Even if you’re on the right track, you’ll get run over if you just sit there.
—Will Rogers

20. People often say that motivation doesn’t last. Well, neither does bathing – that’s why we recommend it daily.
—Zig Ziglar

دوشنبه 4 اردیبهشت‌ماه سال 1391



ـمنم خوبم مرسی خیلی سرم شلوغه ....سال ۹۰ که خیلی سال بدی بود.بابام مریض شده بود بدجور... بعد واسه همینه که به وبلاگ سر نزدم و آپ نکردم.

اون دوستای عزیزی که ایمیل دادن برا همکاری در وبلاگ...

دعوتنامه میفرستم اما عضو نشدن.

بازم میگم هر کسی دوست داره و انگلیسی خوب بلده ایمیل بزاره عضو بشه...به خدا تنهایی نمیتونم.

راستی دارم میرم کلاس نقاشی هنوز اول راهم

دوست دارم به عنوان مترجم شفاهی کار کنم.الان تو یه آموزشگاه کار میکنم اما پولش خیلی خیلی کمه. یه کار برام پیدا کنین به عنوان مترجم شفاهی ....بابا زندگی خرج داره چیکار کنم


شنبه 15 بهمن‌ماه سال 1390
Descriptive Writing Essays

Descriptive Writing Essays - Example:

A Thunder-Storm

A thunderstorm is a grand sight. In our country, thunderstorms are very common at the beginning and at the end of the monsoon. We had a grand thunderstorm yesterday.

We had had hot blasts of wind for many days. Everyday, the blazing sun used to rise in the sky, and the earth burned like a furnace. At last we saw some dark clouds that were forming in the sky. The air was very not moving. Everything was so calm. But, it was a calm before the storm. It was a signal that the storm was going to burst.

The storm came at last. The dark clouds overcast the sky. The thunder rolled and the flashes of lightning appeared in the heavens. Then a cool wind started blowing. It smelt of rain. Slowly, the thunder roll became louder and the flashes of lightning became brighter. The clouds started racing swiftly across the sky; the sharp raindrops began to fall; the storm had come. Now the storm was furious. The lightning flashed continuously in the sky. There thunder crashed tremendously. The rain poured down heavily. The trees were violently rocked to and fro by the strong wind. The storm roared for an hour. Nothing could be heard except the loud rain pour and the louder boom of the wind. The thunder crashed and rolled, the lightning was flashing, the heavy rain poured down, and the furious storm blew.

After an hour, the wind slowed down to a gentle breeze; the lightning flashes became less frequent; the thunder disappeared; the heavy rain changed to a drizzle. The storm had ended. But it left its marks behind. The electric poles were twisted; the trees were uprooted; the windowpanes were broken; the roofs of the mud-houses were blown away; the cottages were swept away and puddles and pools were filled with rushing water.

But it did a lot of good. The air became clean and cool; the earth became soft and wet; and the atmosphere became pure.

یکشنبه 29 آبان‌ماه سال 1390
Idioms آموزش اصطلاحات زبان انگلیسی
Forgive and forget.
To Forgive someone for something and forget that It ever happened.
I'm sorry John, Lets forgive and forget .

Get down to Business.
To begin to get serious; to begin to negotiate or conduct business.
All right everyone,Let's get down to business.

Get someone off the hook.
To free someone from an obligation;To help someone out of an awkward situation.
Thanks for getting me off the hook,I didn't want to attend that meeting.

پنج‌شنبه 26 آبان‌ماه سال 1390
آموزش گرامر -حرف تعریف نامعین (Indefinite article)
موارد کاربرد حروف تعریف نامعین (a یا an)

1- هنگامیکه برای اولین بار به کسی یا چیزی اشاره می‌کنیم از a یا an استفاده می‌کنیم. اما وقتی که به همان چیز دوباره اشاره می‌شود، باید از the استفاده کرد:

  • I bought a new shirt yesterday. But my wife thinks the shirt doesn't fit me.

  • (دیروز یک پیراهن نو خریدم. ولی همسرم فکر می‌کند که آن پیراهن اندازه من نیست.)

  • Once I had a really big dog. But the dog wasn't very useful, so I gave the dog toa friend.

  • (زمانی یک سگ خیلی بزرگ داشتم. اما آن سگ خیلی مفید نبود، برای همین سگ را به یک دوست دادم.ا)

2- وقتی که به یک چیز مفرد اشاره می‌شود از a یا an استفاده می‌کنیم. در این حالت همان معنی one یا «یک» را می‌دهد (در مقایسه با three، two و ...):

  • I'd like an apple and two oranges.

  • Yesterday I bought three  pencils and a notebook.

3- در اصطلاحات عددی خاص:


a half

یک دوم

 a thirdیک سوم
 an eighthیک هشتم
 a coupleیک جفت
 a dozenیک دوجین
 a hundredصدتا
 a thousandهزارتا
 a millionیک میلیون

4- هنگام اشاره به یک عنصر خاص از یک گروه یا طبقه:

الف. همراه با اسامی شغلها:

  • She's a doctor.

  • My father is a teacher.

  • Are you an engineer?

ب. همراه با ملیتها و مذاهب:

  • I'm an Iranian.

  • You are a Chinese.

  • She is a Catholic.

5- همراه با کلمات و اصطلاحات مربوط به مقدار و کمیت:

  a few (of)

a lot (of)

  a little (of)

a (great) deal (of)

  a bit (of)

a number (of)

6- همراه با اسامی مفرد قابل شمارش و پیش از کلمات what و such:

  • What a beautiful day! (چه روز زیبایی!)

  • What a strange friend you have! (عجب دوست عجیبی داری!)

  • Such a pity! (چه حیف شد!)

پنج‌شنبه 5 آبان‌ماه سال 1390
آموزش زبان انگلیسی-نامه ی آبراهام لینکلن به معلم پسرش

Abraham Lincoln's letter to his son's teacher

He will have to learn, I know,
that all men are not just,
all men are not true.
But teach him also that
for every scoundrel there is a hero;
that for every selfish Politician,
there is a dedicated leader...
Teach him for every enemy there is a

Steer him away from envy,
if you can,
teach him the secret of
quiet laughter.

Let him learn early that
the bullies are the easiest to lick... Teach him, if you can,
the wonder of books...
But also give him quiet time
to ponder the eternal mystery of birds in the sky,
bees in the sun,
and the flowers on a green hillside.

In the school teach him
it is far honourable to fail
than to cheat...
Teach him to have faith
in his own ideas,
even if everyone tells him
they are wrong...
Teach him to be gentle
with gentle people,
and tough with the tough.

Try to give my son
the strength not to follow the crowd
when everyone is getting on the band wagon...
Teach him to listen to all men...
but teach him also to filter
all he hears on a screen of truth,
and take only the good
that comes through.

Teach him if you can,
how to laugh when he is sad...
Teach him there is no shame in tears,
Teach him to scoff at cynics
and to beware of too much sweetness...
Teach him to sell his brawn
and brain to the highest bidders
but never to put a price-tag
on his heart and soul.

Teach him to close his ears
to a howling mob
and to stand and fight
if he thinks he's right.
Treat him gently,
but do not cuddle him,
because only the test
of fire makes fine steel.

Let him have the courage
to be impatient...
let him have the patience to be brave.
Teach him always
to have sublime faith in himself,
because then he will have
sublime faith in mankind.

This is a big order,
but see what you can do...
He is such a fine fellow,
my son!

چهارشنبه 4 آبان‌ماه سال 1390
Below Vs Under Vs Underneath



First of all, to make the difference between 'under' and 'below'. Both of these words can mean 'in a lower position than', so there's a sense in which they mean the same thing. But we use them sometimes in different circumstances, for example, if you're talking about something being covered by something, we use 'under'. So, 'I hid the key under a rock'. Or, 'officials said there was nothing under President Bush's jacket'.

You use 'below' when you're talking about something that's not physically immediately under, or not necessarily immediately under. So you say, 'below the surface of the water'. That might be anywhere below the surface of the water, not necessarily just touching it. Or, 'twenty miles below the earth's surface', definitely not immediately under it. And, by extension, we say things like, 'below the poverty line'.

We also use 'under' when we're talking about 'younger than' or 'less than'. So, 'under a dozen times', 'under the age of ten'. Whereas we use 'below', if we're visualising a kind of vertical scale. So, 'below sea level', 'below average', 'an IQ below 80', 'radio waves below 22 kHz'.

There are a number of fixed expressions, so, for example, a lot of expressions about what's happening while something else is going on, or because of certain conditions, or controlled by something or someone. So we say, 'under construction', 'under fire', 'under attack', 'under arrest', 'under these conditions', 'under scrutiny', 'under pressure', 'under the Ceausescu regime'. All of those form a kind of a family.

So what about 'beneath'? Well, 'beneath' is basically more literal, or formal, and we use it in many of the same senses. But there are lots of fixed phrases, and so what you want to do is just read a lot and note when one is used and when the other is used. I hope those will give you some general guide lines, and that you'll enjoy keeping learning about these  

  three fascinating words. 



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